Alliance Recommends Actions to Improve Kids' Activity Stats
More than three-quarters of children in the United States are currently not meeting physical activity recommendations, putting them at an increased risk for obesity, diabetes and related chronic illnesses. The 2016 United States Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth was authored by researchers and health experts from organizations across the country that were assembled by the National Physical Activity Plan Alliance.
The report shows only 21.6 percent of children ages 6 to 19 meet U.S. physical activity guidelines. Furthermore, nearly 63 percent of children are exceeding sedentary behavior guidelines, which suggest no more than two hours of screen time per day. Less than 13 percent of children walk or ride their bike to school, a habit that has been associated with lower odds of obesity among children. The report does show an improvement in the number of kids participating on at least one sports team—half of America's children—since the 1970s, but shows a significant gender disparity with more boys participating than girls.
"We hope the information in this Report Card will be useful to health professionals, community organizations and policy-makers as they strive to respond by developing and implementing strategies that improve access to physical activity opportunities for kids," said Dr. Peter Katzmarzyk, associate executive director of population science at LSU's Pennington Biomedical Research Center and committee chair on the report.
There is a strong consensus among health professionals that physical activity plays a major role in promoting children's health. The World Health Organization and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommend that children and youth engage in a minimum of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity daily, including vigorous-intensity activity at least three days per week.
"The results of this new Report Card demonstrate that we have much to do to ensure that our children become active, fit and healthy adults. The National Physical Activity Plan lays out a strategy for increasing the physical activity levels of all segments of our population, children and youth included. We call on parents, school personnel and community leaders to review the Plan and make the changes that will enable many more of our young people to meet national physical activity guidelines," said Dr. Russell Pate, chairman of the National Physical Activity Plan Alliance board of directors.
Four key recommendations to increase physical activity among youth were included in the report:
- Schools should work to increase physical activity opportunities among youth and should be a key part of the national strategy to increase physical activity.
- Preschool and childcare centers should enhance physical activity.
- To advance efforts to increase physical activity among youth, key research gaps should be addressed.
- Changes involving the built environment, such as safe outdoor and indoor recreation spaces, and similar sectors are promising, but need additional work.
The Report Card assessed data from multiple nationally representative surveys to evaluate levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in American children and youth, facilitators and barriers for physical activity, and health outcomes related to physical activity, among 10 key indicators: overall physical activity levels; health-related fitness; sedentary behaviors; family and peers; active transportation; schools; organized sport participation; community and the built environment; active play; and government strategies and investments.
The 2016 Report Card is the second comprehensive assessment of physical activity in U.S. children and youth, updating the first Report Card, released in 2014.
For more information, visit www.physicalactivityplan.org.